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The Best Of The Bum Diapers


Today in this article we are going to discuss the different types of diapers that are available today. First I will give you some basic terminology that will be used by people so you will need to be familiar with these terms.
Next I will give you a description of the ready-made diaper that you can purchase at this time. We will discuss what you will need and what is provided.

In the third category, I will talk about the old fashion diapers that mama used and how they have advanced in modern days. We will discuss what you will need when you decide to use these.

In the last group I will tell you my personal recommendation of the best diaper for which situation. Because as you will see, there isn’t always just one diaper that is the best in all situation. I will go in to detail as to why in this group.
I have also written some other articles that I think would relate directly to this article and will list them as well.

This is going to be fun so come on with me as we begin to start this wonderful adventure. Now to jump into basic terminology!

Basic Terminology

When you decide or are even thinking about cloth diapering, you will hear lots of terms that are very confusing to you. My hope is to ease some of that confusion by explaining what the terms mean.
AO1 and AO2– Let me try to explain what those are. The only difference between the two is that AO2 the inserts will snap into place. They are all one piece, hence their name, with adjustable closures.
AP- stands for attachment parenting, which is a very common term used in the cloth diapering community.
BG- is an abbreviation for bumGenius which is a popular brand of diapers.

BF- is an abbreviation for breastfeeding.

Boingo– a type of fastener that holds pre-fold and flat diapers together without the use of diaper pins.
CD- an abbreviation you will hear used a lot for cloth diapering.

Doubler- when a liner is added to the diaper that can then double the absorbency.

EBF- abbreviation used when poop is able to be simply wash away. This is mostly only produced from babies that are exclusively breastfed.

Fitted Diapers- These diapers are usually fit a baby well and form to the baby’s bottom.

Flat– What mama used, one large piece of cloth.
Hybrid- part cloth and part disposable, or all cloth.

Insert- a long strip of material that is inserted into the pocket or laid into the diaper for more absorbency.

One size- a term used to refer to a diaper that can grow with a child from birth into toddler size.

Pocket– a diaper that has a pocket that is “stuffed” with a liner for extra absorbency.

Pre-folds– These are rectangular pieces of cloth that seem to be more absorbent in the middle.

PUL- abbreviation for polyurethane laminate which is a waterproof material that is used to make the outer exterior of many diaper covers.

Reusable wipes- pieces cloth used to clean the baby’s bottom then the Mom will wash them along with the diapers.

Snappi– a type of fastener that is used on pre-folds and flat diapers in place of diaper pins.

Stash- having a group of cloth diapers.

Wet tote– a small waterproof bag that has a zippered top.

Wicking- when moisture is pulled away from baby’s skin and remains in the diaper that good.

This is only a few of the many terms you may hear, but this will get you started. For our next journey, we will be discussing the ready-made diapers. Elaine, what do you mean by ready-made? Well read below and I will try to explain that to you.

Ready Made

Here we will talk about the AO1, AO2, Pocket diapers, and the Hybrid Fitted diapers.

AO1– these diapers are great for use in day care because they seem to be the closest to a disposable. As the name states, they are all-in-one.

The only thing that you must do when changing baby with this diaper is wash off the poop if the baby is eating solid food! It can’t get any easier than!

So what is the cost? Most will run you about $20 since the insert is already there.

AO2– these are similar to the ones above except they have an extra layer added for more absorbency. This means you can get more uses out of the cover by simply changing the liner instead of the entire diaper.

So what is the cost? All you have to do is buy 1 outer shell and extra inserts, so $20 plus extra inserts.

Pockets– these are a two part system with a shell and an insert to tucked in the “pocket”. The benefits of the pocket diapers is a fast drying time that and you can “customize” the absorbency factor by the type of liner you add. Also, their clean-up time is easy and fast.

Once Mom has prepared the diaper then they are easy for day cares and Dads to use!
How much do they cost? They can range in price from $10-$20 which includes inserts, word of warning, some include these but some don’t.

Hybrid fitted diapers– These diapers are similar to the AO1 but they are made of polyester fleece to make them water resistant and helpful to baby’s sensitive skin.

These diapers can go for 3-6 hours before they will need to be changed.
How much do they cost? These are the most expensive diaper $25-$35 which does include the inserts.

Now we will travel further down the road to discuss the Old Fashioned Diapers.

Old Fashioned

So let’s talk about the pre-folds, flats, covers, and the different fasteners you would use to hold the diaper in place.


Pre-fold– these are reasonably priced, all natural, and very absorbent diapers. These are 3 layers of absorbent material sewn together in a rectangle shape. You will need a waterproof cover to complete this set.

These don’t come in one size fits all or adjustable size, you must buy a different size each time. But that is okay because they only cost between $2.50-$5.00. The sizes are newborn, infant, and toddler.

The benefits for using pre-fold is their price, how absorbent they are, their long life, the fact that they can be used as inserts for pocket diapers, and folding can be customized for your baby’s size and fit. But the cons are that they need folding, require some kind of fasteners, and Dad’s and others maybe uncomfortable using them.

Flats– a single sheet of 100% cotton or natural fiber, but some diaper stores are coming out with a new blend of 55% hemp and 45% organic cotton.

The benefits to flats is that they only cost $2, dry quickly, can be used from birth to toddler stage, can be customized, and are super easy. Their drawbacks are that they require folding, require fasteners and waterproof covers, and they make others uncomfortable using them.

Covers– These are waterproof shells that go over the cloth diaper which will give you a barrier against leaks. Some are available with snaps or Velcro closure. They are one size fit all or they can come in specific sizes, it just depends on the manufacturer. You can get them in solid colors or bright patterns!

What’s Important

We looked at 5 different diapers and compared them at cost, durability, what was needed and how they made others feel.

These are important factors to look at because when you are looking are what you are going to spend, I like to know if I have any hidden costs.

Also, if you are going to be cloth diapering you will need to take into consideration how others will feel. I know, you are probably saying that doesn’t matter because it is my baby. But I’m talking about your own immediate family, your husband, other children, grandparents, and future day care/child care. These are things you need to think about. I’m not trying to talk you out of cloth diapering in any means. I’m just saying you all need to be on the same page with this.

My Recommendation

As promised, I will give you my recommendations and state why. The AO1 diaper has some nice features but if you have a heavy wetter then this diaper may not be a great choice.

The Hybrid fitter diaper is pricey but is a good diaper. I would consider getting a few to have in your stash.

AO2 are good diaper but not really adaptable for all stages.

Flats are not easy for all to use.

So my #1 pick would be the pocket diapers because they can be customized to anyone. Their absorbency is customizable with inserts. Plus they wick moisture away from baby’s skin which is very important.


Here are some other articles I have published that might be of interest.

4 Reason To Get Rid Of Poop

4 Ways To Store Diapers

How To Clean Cloth Diapers

5 Proper Diaper Changing Procedures

Styles Of Diapers

Comparing Cloth vs. Disposable
If you have any questions or need a hand, feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.


All the Best,


Elaine Smith





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Best Of 4 Diaper Rash Creams


In this article we are going to compare 4 different diaper creams that can be used to treat diaper rash. All these have been approved for use with cloth diaper. This is something that is very important. The reason it’s so important to use a cloth diaper approved cream is because the other creams may create a blockage on the inside of the diaper. When this happens, the diaper doesn’t absorb the wetness but rather will repel it.
What you really want to avoid in a diaper cream is the use of petroleum-based creamed. Most cloth diapers are made of synthetic fiber and then some liners are as well.
A solution for this would be to always use some kind of liner if you are going to use a petroleum-based cream such as a disposable or one that is listed below.
I did find one tip I would like to share with you. If you ever find yourself needing to use a diaper cream that contains petroleum in it, all you need to do is use a liner. A liner can be a disposable, micro fleece, flannel, cotton, t-shirt material, or any other fabric. Many of the disposable liners today state they, but you should NEVER flush anything other than toilet paper. Simply clean the liner off as much as possible in the toilet then throw the liner in the trash.


I found 4 creams I would like us to compare in this article and they are

  • Aveeno Baby
  • Aquaphor
  • Multipurpose Ointment Burt Bee
  • California Baby Diaper Rash Cream

I will compare them more in detail below on the following points. Active Ingredients, Uses, Direction, Other Information, Purpose, and Questions. This information was all found on their websites.

Let’s get started with our first cream.

#1 Aveeno


Active Ingredient– Zinc Oxide 13%

Uses– Helps treat and prevent diaper rash, protect chafed skin due to diaper rash, helps seal out wetness

Directions– change a wet/soiled diapers as soon as you can. Then clean the diaper area and allow it to air dry. You should apply the diaper cream as much as needed and as often as you change the baby. Especially use it at bedtime when the baby has a good chance to be in contact with a wet diaper for an extended period of time.


Other Information– This is a Pediatrician recommended zinc oxide diaper rash cream. It’s fragrance free but has a soothing oat essence and natural willow herb to help heal and protect. It comes in a 3.7 oz tube!

Purpose– Skin protectant

Questions– Call 1-866-428-3366 or visit

And next

#2 Aquaphor


Active Ingredient– Petrolatum 41%


Uses– temporarily protects minor cut, scrapes, burns.

-temporarily protects and helps relieve chapped or cracked skin and lips.

-helps protect from the drying effect of the wind and cold weather.

Direction– Apply as needed
Other Information– Ointment Dermatologist recommend because it is clinically proven to restore smooth, healthy skin.
Available in 14 oz containers.

Purpose– Skin protectant ointment
Question– Questions or comments? 1-800-227-4703

And next.


#3 Burt Bees


Active Ingredient– Zinc Oxide 40%
Uses– Helps treat and prevent diaper rash. Protects chafed skin due to diaper rash and helps seal out wetness.
Direction– Change a wet or dirty diaper as soon as possible then clean the area and allow it to air dry. You should apply the diaper cream as much-needed and as often as you change the baby. Especially use it at bedtime when the baby has a good chance to be in contact with a wet diaper for a lengthy period of time.
Other Information– Burt’s Bees is maximum strength diaper rash ointment that treats and prevents diaper rash. It’s 100% natural and available in 3oz. Size.

Purpose– Skin protectant

Questions– (855) 540-2229.

And last

#4 California Baby Diaper Rash Cream


Active Ingredient– Zinc Oxide 12%
Uses– Help treat and prevent diaper rash

Protects chafed skin due to diaper rash

Helps seal out wetness
Direction– Apply an even layer for everyday protection and when a rash is present.
Other Information– California Baby Diaper Rash Cream is an Allergy tested diaper cream that is super-concentrated. It soothes and prevents diaper rash with a lovely, light scent of lavender and clary sage essential oils.

Purpose– Skin protectant

Questions– (310) 815-8201


Now I would like to share two more tips I have found.

First, a diaper cream that contains zinc oxide will not cause repelling but it may leave a small stain. But not to worry, because this stain should come out in time.

Another tip, if you accidentally use a petroleum-based diaper cream on a cloth diaper they aren’t ruined. You will just need to wash them in hot water with a really good laundry soap, then spot treat any left behind ointment with BLUE DAWN DISH soap. If you use a toothbrush and scrub the area with a small amount of Dawn, then be sure to rinse completely before you wash again in the machine, you should be fine. WORD OF CAUTION, NEVER ADD BLUE DAWN DIRECTLY TO YOUR MACHINE!!! Be sure the diaper is completely rinsed of the soap before adding your other diaper laundry. Dawn is to be used only for removing petroleum-based diaper cream because it’s a great degreaser but NOT a substitute detergent for cloth diapers.
Now for the summary of what was talked about in this article


In this article we talked about 4 different cloth safe diaper creams Aveeno Baby, Aquaphor Multipurpose ointment Burt’s Bee, and California Baby Diaper Rash Cream. We compared 6 points in which I will include in a comparison chart.

Active ingredients Zinc Oxide 13% Petrolatum 41% Zinc Oxide 40% Zinc Oxide 12%
Uses Treats & Protects Treats & Protects Treats & Protects
Seals Out Seals Out Seals Out
Directions Change ASAP Apply As Needed Change ASAP Even Layer
Other Information Pedi Recommend Derm Recommend Max. Strength Allergy Tested
Fragrance Free Natural Lightly Scented
Purpose Skin Protection Skin Protection Skin Protection Skin Protection
Question 1-866-428-3366 1-800-227-4703 855-540-2229 310-815-8201






If you have any questions or need a hand, feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.


All The Best,


Elaine Smith



Posted on 2 Comments

Pin It To Win It!!


Today in this article we will be discussing and comparing three different types of cloth diaper fasteners. We will be defining each, telling why they are use, and what they look like. The three fasteners are

I will go into detail on each below. Also in the last group I will talk about using no fasteners at all. I have seen people have success with this and wanted to include this.

I will include a picture of each fastener so you will know what I’m talking about. At the end I will include a graph comparing each on the major points I have discussed.





First thing we need to do is define what Snappis are. The snappi is a modern day diaper fastener used primarily for cloth diapers. They come in many different color choices and sizes. What do they look like? A giant “T” that will be placed on the baby’s lower abdomen to hold the diaper closed. But Elaine, how does this hold the diaper closed? It has “teeth” to “grab” the ends of the diaper to keep it closed to help prevent leaks and blowouts. Oh Elaine, you said the word teeth, won’t that hurt my baby? No, because like I stated before these are made of a stretchy material that will move when the baby moves so there is no danger of that. Plus the “teeth” are covered by more soft plastic to keep them from coming into contact with the baby.

Another important point is you should’t’ use them for longer than 6 months because they may tend to lose some of there durability. When you do use them for the first time you will want to pre stretch them. This help starts the elasticity process.

These can be used with or without a pretty diaper cover and they are used mostly on flats and prefold diapers.

You will only need one at a time and they can be purchased at Amazon $10.00 for Toddler size-3 pack. They come in a few colors and 2 different sizes.
Now we will compare the use of Snappi to the use of Boingo.





First thing again we need to do is to define what are Boingo? These are fasteners that are used with cloth diapers that will help prevent the tummy compression. These are similar to the old-fashioned diaper pins that Mom used but they are soft and stretchy. They are similar to the Snappi in the fact that they are stretchy but they are only on the side of the diaper NOT all the way across the tummy.
Boingo are a fun way to fasten a diaper since they have a curve design which has patent pending grips. Those curved grips will help to prevent accidental pokes of the wiggly baby and helpful moms.

These, like the above are cute but most importantly can be used with or without a cover.

You will need two at a time and they are $10.99 at Amazon. They come in many fun colors and one size fits all!
Now we will talk about the old-fashioned diaper pins and what they are doing today.





Okay, can you guess what is the first thing we will need to do? You are right! We need to define what we are going to be talking about. Elaine, why do we always define things? That’s a good question and I would love to tell you why, so that way we will all start on the same page.

So let’s jump right into talking about diaper pins, the updated old-fashioned ones!

They are sorta like a spring-loaded safety pin with a colorful top. Some have colorful plastic tops and then others have colorful metal tops.

I have seen some with diaper pins with “square” color heads and then some with cute plastic animal shapes on the heads. That was just a bonus!!

An extra tip: some parents are afraid to use diaper pins for fear of poking the baby with the pin. Well if you store the pins, only the tips, pressed into a bar of soap this will keep the pins “greased” up so they will slide through the diaper cloth much easier. Another free tip!

You will need two per diaper and they come in many different colors. They are the least expensive route at $6.99 for 100. Of course there are a number of different brands which gives you a number of different prices.
You can use this with or without a cover.
Now we will talk about the benefits of using nothing at all, no fasteners what so ever!


This section really needs no defining because the title tells you what we are talking about. But just in case you didn’t get it I will tell you NO FASTENERS WHATSO EVER. Now do you understand?
Some people will choose to use no fasteners at all. Either pins are too scary, and they don’t have any of the other fasteners or for whatever personal reason. They simply choose not to use any fasteners.
If, you choose this you definitely will need additional waterproof covers. You simply cover the child with the flat or prefold just like you do when you use any other fasteners. Just omit the fasteners step. Cover the child with a waterproof cover then hope and pray that when the child moves the diaper will stay in place enough to catch everything.

My personal recommendation would be to not rely on this but, I have seen people that do this and have had great success.



In this article we talked about many things about when we compared fasteners. For one, we talked about where you have to have a waterproof cover, the flexibility factor, choice of colors and price.

Here is a summary of what was included in the article


  • Giant “T”
  • Have “teeth”


  • Patent Pending Grips
  • Only used on sides of the diaper


  • Spring loaded safety pins
  • Included tips


  • Must use waterproof cover
  • I don’t recommend




If, you have any questions or need a hand, feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.


All the Best,


Elaine Smith

Posted on 6 Comments

Let’s Chart It!


In this article we will be discussing the use of a diaper changing chart. We will be talking about what this is, why it is important, what is recorded on it, and some misc. tips.
Many pediatricians want a new parent to track a newborns diaper output for about 6 weeks. A parent will go to see the doctor a few days after being released from the hospital and then again 6 weeks after the baby is born. You can expect them to ask about peeing, pooping, and feeding of their child. The newborn should be having about 6 wet diapers a day and 1-3 poop diapers per day. This will all depend on whether they are bottle fed or breast fed. They also should be eating 24 oz of formula or 8-10 times per day for breast fed newborns.

Now let’s get into the first category of What is it.

What Is It


First thing we need to do is define what a diaper changing chart is? A diaper changing chart is a chart where you keep track of the diaper changes, and what is in the diaper. In other word, whether the diaper is just wet, filled with poop, or has diarrhea.

But Elaine, why would you need to know this? This is important for many reasons that I will go into in further detail in the next category but this information is needed mainly for health reasons. Parents need to be keeping track of this information for their pediatrician.

There are also charts that will keep track of both feeding and diaper changes. They will be discussed in detailed later in this article. But for now I will give you a brief overview. For instance, how much formula or breast milk they had, whether the baby ate solid food or not. These will or can affect the diaper output.
Now we will discuss why this is important.


Why Use It  

It is important to change your baby often to prevent health problems. You need to monitor your baby’s output because these help to indicate this. The pediatrician may ask you these questions at your appointment so this way you will be ready.

One of the changes worth noting is that if your baby is peeing less than usual or their having hard poops then this could be a sign of dehydration.

You should change your child regularly because the ammonia from the urine will mix with the bacteria from the poop and cause a rash. Therefore, you will need to change the baby before or after each feeding.

Also since most babies do not show discomfort when they are wet, this is why a diaper changing chart comes in so handy. This is a schedule to help you to get into the habit of changing your baby every few hours.


Now we will talk about what will be recorded on the chart.


What Do You Record    

On these charts are listed whether the child is dry, wet, pooped, diarrhea as stated previously. This information is useful to the parents for the reasons I have previously stated, mostly health issues. Also, on the charts are listed the times and then room for the caregiver to write comments.

Some charts list diaper changing and feeding while some only track the diaper changes. The feedings would be helpful because there are times when that will affect the diaper output.


When you introduce a new food to your child this can sometimes affect their output. To check for any allergic reaction or any changes for that matter, you simply follow the unspoken rule of waiting 4 days before introducing a new food. For example, if you introduced carrots on Monday you would wait until Friday to introduce another food. This way you could see if the carrots cause any changes in poop habits, gas pains, or any allergic reactions.
Babies will pee about every 1-3 hrs. and will poop at least 3 times per day. I wish I was still this regular!
What or how do I know if my baby is constipated?

That is a very good question!


Now we will discuss some helpful tip that are listed below.



Constipation– this happens more with formula fed babies than breast fed. Why? The consistency of the milk, breast milk is easier to digest. But back to your question, their poops are firm and hard to pass. The solution- give them plenty of water, high-fiber cereal to their regular food, or pureed veggie or fruit.


Diarrhea– very watery stools which can occur from milk allergies, parasites, viral infections, and reaction to antibiotics. We have dealt with the milk allergy issue ourselves, the parasites is from the child in day-care centers who are exposed to “giardia” which is fecal contaminated objects that a child will put in their mouths’. Rotavirus was common until 2006 when a vaccine came out to greatly reduce the symptoms. And last we have the reaction to antibiotics. Some children who take antibiotics also develop diarrhea as a side effect. But, if the antibiotic is stopped early then the bacterial infection that it was given for will return. The solution for diarrhea- to drink lots of water to prevent dehydration. Don’t give juice because that can just cause the symptoms to get worse. You will also need more frequent diaper changes because the acid from the poops can really irritate the sensitive skin. Also, needed, are air drying or soft warm water washing but NOT using wipes. The wipes can be irritating to the baby’s sensitive as well.

Now we will sum up what we talked about in this article.



Here is what we talked about in this article


What Is It

  • Definition
  • Information needed for pediatricians

Why Use It

  • Prevents health problems
  • Help create new habit

What Do You Record

  • Wet, dry, poop, diarrhea
  • Diaper change and feeding


  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea




If you have any questions or need a hand, feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.


All the Best,


Elaine Smith